沃尔沃自动驾驶汽车计划2017年上路 能自动泊车

来源:互联网新闻 时间:2020-05-02 11:12

新华网12月3日电 据美国科技博客Gizmodo报道,沃尔沃正在加油研发自己的自动驾驶汽车。这家中国公司持股的瑞典公司近日表示,公司计划在2017年把100辆自动驾驶的汽车送上瑞典第二大城市哥德堡街头。这些汽车会自动驾驶,躲过行人,还能自己停车。颇具未来感!

现在确实该研发这样的汽车了。DARPA公司的Grand Challenge汽车10年前就出现了,这款车首次上路开了7公里。而在3年前美国内华达州也成了第一个宣布自动驾驶汽车合法的州。虽然我们还要等上三四年才能看到沃尔沃的汽车自己跑在哥德堡的路上,但是现在我们就能预先了解一下这种技术了。

这种技术会让很多人大跌眼镜。沃尔沃CEO汉肯·塞缪尔森说:“如果说到飞机自动驾驶,那么大家都习以为常,但是说汽车自动驾驶而司机在车里自在地读书,大家还是觉得太有革命性了。”顺便对塞缪尔森说一句,洛杉矶大堵车的时候司机就只能在车里看书。

沃尔沃的测试还处于早期阶段。车会行驶在哥德堡市长度为30英里的“典型通勤干线”上。自动驾驶的车还要处理行人和自行车等人类司机不断处理的常规危险。沃尔沃还在测试一项很不错的功能:司机可以在到达终点后下车,让汽车自己去找停车场,这一切全是自动的。这会让沃尔沃在与其他公司的竞争中占据优势。尼桑计划在2020年出售自动驾驶汽车,而丰田则会是第一个把自动驾驶推向消费市场的企业(Google的自动驾驶汽车就是丰田普锐斯的改装版)。

当然,前面还有很多挑战。虽然塞缪尔森关于飞机自动驾驶的例子很不错,但这也不完全正确。在为飞机安装自动驾驶按钮之前,飞机内部已经配备了大量设备确保它们不会在空中相撞,而马路上挤满自动驾驶汽车的时候应该怎么自动驾驶,这还得研究好几年。不过类似的尝试仍然是很好的起点。沃尔沃是首先进行这种研究的少数公司之一,但肯定不是最后一家。

译者:林杉

百度新闻与新华网国际频道合作稿件,转载请注明出处。

Volvo Plans to Put Self-Driving Cars on City Streets by 2017

Volvo\'s hitting the gas on its plan to sell self-driving cars. The Swedish (but Chinese-owned) company just announced a trial that will put 100 driverless cars on the streets of Gothenburg in 2017. They\'ll navigate traffic, dodge pedestrians, and even park themselves. Pretty futuristic!

Actually, it\'s about time. It\'s been almost a decade since DARPA\'s Grand Challenge, where self-driving cars raced through a seven-mile course, and almost three years since Nevada became the first state to make autonomous cars legal. While we\'ll have to wait another three years before Volvo\'s cars actually hit the streets of Gothenburg, it\'s exciting that we\'re finally going to see how this technology fares on the open road.

It\'s also going to blow a lot of people\'s minds. As H kan Samuelsson, Volvo\'s President and CEO, put it, "Hardly anyone thinks twice about being in an airplane that flies on autopilot, but being in a car that drives by itself while the driver reads a book is still quite a revolutionary thought for many people." Note to Samuelsson: This sounds like driving in Los Angeles.

Volvo\'s trial is just the beginning. The cars will travel on about 30 miles of Gothenberg\'s streets, labeled as "typical commuter arteries." They\'ll also have to deal with pedestrians and bicycles and all the regular hazards that cars with human drivers have to deal with on a regular basis. Volvo will also be testing a nifty feature where a driver can get out at her destination and the car will drive away and find a parking spot—all on its own. This will all put Volvo ahead in the race against companies like Nissan—who says it\'ll sell a self-driving car by 2020—and Toyota, to be the first to sell a self-driving car (Google\'s self-driving car is an adapted Toyota Prius).

Of course, plenty of challenges still lie ahead. While Samuelsson\'s analogy about planes flying on autopilot is clever, it\'s not entirely correct. Beyond building planes with an autopilot button, there\'s a massive infrastructure in place to ensure planes don\'t crash into each other in the sky, and it\'ll take years to figure out how roads full of self-driving cars should be regulated. But trials like this one are a great start. Volvo\'s the first to grapple with such an undertaking, but it certainly won\'t be the last.

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